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Garcinia indica , a plant in the mangosteen family Clusiaceae , commonly known as kokum , is a fruit-bearing tree that has culinary, pharmaceutical, and industrial uses. The genus Garcinia , belonging to the family Clusiaceae, includes about species found in the Old World tropics, mostly in Asia and Africa. Garcinia indica is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India located along the western coast of the country.
Of the 35 species found in India, 17 are endemic. Of these, seven are endemic to the Western Ghats , six in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and four in the northeastern region of India. Garcinia indica is found in forest lands, riversides and wastelands.
These plants prefer evergreen forests , but sometimes they also thrive in areas with relatively low rainfall. It is also cultivated on a small scale. It does not require irrigation, spraying of pesticides or fertilizers. The fresh fruit can be preserved with sugar to make bright-red squash that is diluted with water and bottled for sale as a beverage. The outer cover of fruit is dried in the sun to get aamsul or kokam.
It is used as a staple souring agent typically in Goan cuisine and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Kokum yields a peculiar flavour and blackish red colour. As a souring agent, it is used as an alternative to tamarind in curries and other dishes from the Goa and Konkan region. It is extensively used in Assamese cuisine in many dishes like " masor tenga " or sour fish curry and " tenga dali " or sour dal.
It is also used as a cure for upset stomach and colds. A few dry pieces are soaked in water for some time and then the pieces are mashed in the water itself and can be taken in whole. Kokum squash or kokum concentrate is used in preparing a drink sherbet which is bright red in colour. It is added during the preparation of solkadhi , along with coconut milk.
It is used in the preparation of confectionery, medicines and cosmetics. Recently, industries have started extracting hydroxycitric acid HCA from the rind of the fruit. The tree is ornamental, with a dense canopy of green leaves and red-tinged, tender, young leaves.
The oily extract called kokum tel is used in foot massage, and to treat burns. Aqueous extracts of the dried fruits of Garcinia indica have an anxiolytic effect in mice.
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Lists and related topics Lists of herbs and spices.Culinary Australian Bangladeshi Indian Pakistani. The fresh garcinia indica meaning in hindi can be preserved with sugar to make bright-red squash that is diluted with water and bottled for sale as a beverage. As a souring agent, it is used as an alternative to tamarind in curries and other dishes from the Goa and Konkan region. Garcinia gummi-gutta invica used commercially in fish curing, especially in Sri Lanka and South India. The fruit rind and extracts of Garcinia species are called for in many garcinia indica meaning in hindi recipes,  and various species of Garcinia are used similarly in food preparation in Assam IndiaThailand, Malaysia, Burma, and other Southeast Asian countries. Oz Show November 5,